Cervical cancer is cancer that occurs in the cervical region. That is the area on the female reproductive organ is the entrance to the uterus. It is located between the womb (uterus) with a hole intercourse lady (vagina).
99.7% of these cancers are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) oncogenic, which attacks the cervix. Starting occur in the cervix, when it entered the stage, this cancer can spread to other organs throughout the body.
Dangers of Cervical Cancer
The World Health Organization (WHO) said the current cervical cancer is ranked top among the various types of cancer that causes death in women in the world. In Indonesia, every year more than 15,000 detected cases of cervical cancer.
Approximately 8000 cases of which ended in death. According to WHO, Indonesia is a country with the number of cervical cancer were highest in the world. Why be so dangerous? Because cervical cancer appear as enemies in a blanket. Difficult to detect until the disease has reached an advanced stage.
Cause of Cervical Cancer
First, cervical cancer is caused by HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). This virus has more than 100 types, where most of them are harmless and will disappear by itself. HPV virus types that cause cervical cancer and is the most fatal.Akibatnya virus HPV types 16 and 18.
Second, in addition caused by the HPV virus, abnormal cells on the cervix can also grow due to radiation exposure or contamination of chemicals that occur in the long term.
Modes of Transmission Cervical Cancer
Transmission of HPV virus can occur through sexual intercourse, especially with multiple partners. Transmission of the virus can occur either by transmission through the genital organs to the genital organs, oral to genital or genital to manually.
Therefore, the use of condoms during intercourse does not significantly prevent transmission of HPV virus. For, not only transmitted through the fluid, the virus can move through the touch of skin. Henah lo, yaa Mangkanya do not snack.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
In the early stages, the disease does not cause symptoms that are easily observed. That is why, you who are sexually active are highly recommended to do a pap smear test every two years. Physical symptoms of this disease are generally only felt by patients with advanced cancer.
Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer:
- the emergence of pain and bleeding during intercourse (contact bleeding).
- excessive vaginal discharge and abnormal.
- bleeding outside the menstrual cycle.
- drastic weight loss.
- If the cancer has spread to the pelvis, the patient will suffer from back pain complaints
- also barriers in urination, and kidney enlargement.